Post vedic period by Ojaank Sir


1. Transition from Vedic traditions

1.1. Shift towards new religious and philosophical


1.2. How can we explore new spiritual practices

after Vedic traditions?

1.3. What societal changes occurred during the

post-Vedic period?


2. Rise of new religions and


2.1. Jainism

2.1.1. Founded by Mahavira

2.1.2. Emphasized non-violence and self-discipline

2.2. Buddhism

2.2.1. Founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

2.2.2. Focus on the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path

2.3. Ajivikas

2.3.1. Founded by Makkhali Gosala

2.3.2. Believed in fate and determinism


3. Political changes

3.1. Emergence of Mahajanapadas

3.1.1. powerful kingdoms in ancient India

3.1.2. Led to the rise of Magadha as a dominant power

3.2. Establishment of republics

3.2.1. Self-governing states with elected leaders

3.2.2. Example: Vaishali, Mallas


4. Art and culture

4.1. Mauryan Empire

4.1.1. Golden age of Indian art and architecture

4.1.2. Examples: Sanchi Stupa, Pataliputra Palace


4.2. Literature and philosophy flourished

4.2.1. Works of Chanakya, Panini, Patanjali

4.2.2. Epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana continued to be popular


5. Economic developments

5.1. Growth of trade and commerce

5.1.1. Increased contact with other civilizations

5.1.2. Development of urban centers like Varanasi, Pataliputra

5.2. Use of coins for trade

5.2.1. Standardized currency for transactions

5.2.2. Facilitated economic exchanges

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